1. Penguins are black & white.
2. Some old TV shows are black and white.
3. Therefor, some penguins are old TV shows.
The conclusion that is matter the most here: how reasoning can go wrong. There are two right premises and a bad conclusion that comes from bad reasoning.
Logic has nothing to do with reality. That is the main mistake. It refers to an imaginary realm of reality. Science is just a culture's answer to the central problem of epistemology: How do we know there is a material reality?